Butterfield Overland Trail

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The Butterfield Overland Mail Trail  was a stagecoach service in the United States, operating from 1857 to 1861. It carried passengers and U.S. Mail from two eastern termini, Memphis, Tennessee and St. Louis, Missouri to San Francisco, California. The routes from each eastern terminus met at Fort Smith, Arkansas, and then continued through Indian Territory, Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Baja California, and California ending in San Francisco. On March 3, 1857, Congress under James Buchanan authorized the U.S. postmaster general, Aaron Brown, to contract for delivery of the U.S. mail from Saint Louis to San Francisco. Prior to this, U.S. Mail bound for the Far West had been transported by ship across the Gulf of Mexico to Panama, where it was freighted across the isthmus to the Pacific, then taken by ship for points in California.

Proposed Butterfield Overland Trail National Historic Trail

On March 30, 2009, Barack Obama signed Congressional legislation (Sec. 7209 of P.L. 111-11) to conduct a study of designating the trail a National Historic Trail. TheUnited States National Park Service is conducting meetings in affected communities and doing Special Resource Study/Environmental Assessment to determine whether it should become a trail and what the route should be.

Stats

  • Trail Measurement: 744 Miles
  • Compass Latitude: 332519N
  • Compass Longitude: 1150422W
  • Numeric Latitude: 33.4219733
  • Numeric Longitude: -115.0727488
  • Elevation in Meters: 353
  • Elevation in Feet: 1158

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