Mist Trail

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The Mist Trail is one of the most popular short hikes in Yosemite National Park, California, USA. The hike follows theMerced River, starting at Happy Isles in Yosemite Valley, past Vernal Fall and Emerald Pool, to Nevada Fall.


Along the trail, the Merced River is a tumultuous mountain stream, lying in a U-shaped valley. Enormous boulders, some the size of a house, are dwarfed by the sheer faces of exfoliating granite, which rise 3000 feet (914 m) from the river. Through it all, the Merced River rushes down from its source in the High Sierra, and broadens on the floor of Yosemite Valley.

A trail which links to the John Muir Trail starts after crossing from the Happy Isles. Depending on one’s conditioning, a bridge which re-crosses the river – the halfway point of a hike to the foot of Vernal Fall – can be reached in 15 to 30 minutes.

Hikers stop briefly just below the lower margin of the mist from Vernal Fall

To the side of Vernal Fall, the mist from the river blankets the trail, which was improved during the WPA projects of the 1930s. Here is where raingear becomes handy: in the spring, hikers often become completely drenched from water sprayed off Vernal Fall. This is one of the few places where a complete circular rainbow can be viewed. The trail now crosses a sheer face which is made somewhat easier by a single guard rail. At the top of Vernal Fall, the Merced River traverses a shelf of granite, and the hikers frequently sun themselves to dry off.

The Emerald Pool is named for the color of the river here.

Up the trail, Nevada Fall, a waterfall that is almost twice the height of Vernal Fall, awaits the hiker, although there is no cascade of mist over the trail at that waterfall. Behind Nevada Fall is Liberty Cap, an impressive lump of granite. The Mist Trail then rejoins the John Muir Trail: the hiker can travel in Little Yosemite Valley, or take a side trip to the top of Half Dome, using cables to climb the rock. Permits must be obtained in advance to hike Half Dome, and back country permits are required to stay over night along the John Muir Trail.


Day hikers should be properly equipped (sturdy shoes, rain gear, a hat), even for this comparatively small hike, because the trail rises thousands of feet. Fortunately, a prudent walker can simply turn back if the going gets too difficult. The hike ceases to be wheelchair accessible at the Happy Isles, but there are bridges to the Isles themselves.

Hikers are cautioned that they should register a plan with the rangers so that their safety can be monitored; in this day of cell phones, that advice may seem unnecessary, but a cell phone can always be lost or broken and the loss of service is common on the trail.

Beyond the Mist Trail, on the John Muir Trail, hikers may find themselves sharing the trail with a horse and rider; etiquette and safety demand that hikers yield to the horses, because if someone spooks the horse, both horse and rider may be pitched down the mountainside.


  • Trail Measurement: 11.5 Miles
  • Compass Latitude: 374337N
  • Compass Longitude: 1193244W
  • Numeric Latitude: 37.7268707
  • Numeric Longitude: -119.5454392
  • Elevation in Meters: 1427
  • Elevation in Feet: 4682

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References and More Info

  • Trail Location
  • Trail Measurement
    11.5 Miles
  • Compass Latitude
  • Compass Longitude
  • Numeric Latitude
  • Numeric Longitude
  • Elevation in Feet
  • Elevation in Meters
  • Trail Images
  • Trail Maps
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